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Friday, 22 February 2008

Ibnu Khaldun



Ibn Khaldūn or Ibn Khaldoun (full name, Arabic: ابو زيد عبد الرحمن بن محمد بن خلدون ‎, Abū Zayd ‘Abdu r-Raḥman bin Muḥammad bin Khaldūn) (May 27, 1332 AD/732 AH – March 19, 1406 AD/808 AH), was a famous Arab Muslim polymath: a social scientist, sociologist, historian, historiographer, demographer, economist, linguist, philosopher, political theorist, military theorist, Islamic lawyer and jurist, Islamic scholar, Ash'ari theologian, diplomat and statesman born in present-day Tunisia.[1] He is considered the forerunner of several social scientific disciplines: demography,[2] cultural history,[3] historiography,[4] the philosophy of history,[5] sociology,[2][5][6] and modern economics.[7][8] He is sometimes considered to be a "father" of these disciplines, or even the social sciences in general,[9] for anticipating many elements of these disciplines centuries before they were founded. He is best known for his Muqaddimah (known as Prolegomenon in Greek), the first volume of his book on universal history, Kitab al-Ibar.

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